If we were to update the priorities for language pairs to be achieved, from the point of view of endangered languages, the result would be as follows:
Corsican language: French to Corsican (already done)
Sardinian Gallurese: Italian to Gallurese
Sardinian Sassarese: Italian to Sassarese
Sicilian: Italian to Sicilian: sicilian language is close to Corsican sartinesu or taravesu
Munegascu: French to Munegascu: munegascu language bears some similarities with Corsican language
Pairs such as French to Gallurese, French to Sassarese, English to Gallurese, English to Sassarese, English to Sicilian do not have priority, as they can be resolved using an intermediate pair. French to Gallurese is done with the French to Italian pair (e.g. with Deepl) and then with the Italian to Gallurese pair, etc.
Let us consider a specific kind of superlative. Such form specific to Corsican language is notably mentioned by grammarian and author Santu Casta, in his Punteghju, who recommends the following translation of “C’était le village le plus riche du canton” (It was the richest village of the canton): Era u più paese riccu di stu cantone (pages 26 & 54-55). The structure is original in the sense that the comparative (più) precedes the noun (campanile, bell tower) that precedes the adjective (altu, high).
Anaphora resolution usually refers to pronouns. But we face here a special case of anaphora resolution that relates to an adjective. The following sentence: ‘un vase de Chine authentique’ (an authentic vase of China) is translated erroneously as un vasu di China autentica, due to erroneous anaphora resolution. In this sample, the adjective ‘authentique’ refers to ‘vase’ (English: vase) and not to ‘Chine’ (China).
The same goes for ‘une chanson du Portugal mythique’, where ‘mythique’ refers to ‘chanson’ and not to ‘Portugal’.
Translation of the French word ‘Noël’ yields another case of ambiguity. For ‘Noël’ can translate:
either into Natali (Christmas, Christmas Day): the annual festival commemorating Jesus Christ’s birth
or into, identically, Natali (‘Noel‘): the firstname
Now it seems there is no case of disambiguation, since in either case, ‘Noël’ in French translates into Natali (Natali in sartinese and taravese variants; Natale in cismuntincu variant). But ambiguity lurks when one considers some sentences including ‘Noël’. Let us consider then the following sentence: ‘Je l’ai donné à Noël.’ Now it can be translated:
either into: L’aghju datu in Natali. (I gave it at Christmas.)
or into: L’aghju datu à Natali (I gave it to Noel.)
since French preposition ‘à’ translates differently in both cases. A phenomenon of the same nature occurs when one considers translation from French to English.
Interestingly, when the two ambiguous consecutive words are repeated, ambiguity vanishes. Since ‘Je l’ai donné à Noël à Noël.’ translates unambiguously into L’aghju datu à Natali in Natali (I gave it to Noel at Christmas.). For we can ignore the order: L’aghju datu in Natali à Natali (I gave it at Christmas to Noel.) amounts to the same. In this last case, the translation is meaning-preserving.
Now testing the new engine with the semantically ambiguous French ‘échecs’ = fiaschi/scacchi (failures/chess).
What is interesting here is that semantic disambiguation transfers successfully into English (although the French/English engine is still in its infancy as there are still a lot of grammatical errors):
Now further tests are needed with some other semantically ambiguous words: