Grammatical word-disambiguation again and again

The main difficulty here seems to lie in the adaptation of the grammatical disambiguation module. Indeed, for the French language, such a module performs disambiguation with respect to about 100 categories. The number of pairs (or 3-tuples, 4-tuples, etc.) of disambiguation, for French, is about 250. The question is: when we change languages, how many categories of n-tuples of disambiguation does this result in? In particular, when one switches from French to Italian, does this result in a big change in the categories to be disambiguated?

Let’s take an example, with a particular category of words to disambiguate. One such category is for example AQfs/Vsing3present (feminine singular adjective or verb in the 3rd person singular present tense). A word in Italian that belongs to this type is ‘stanca’. So we have both uses:

  • ‘è stanca’ (she is tired): AQfs
  • stanca il cavallo’ (it tires the horse): Vsing3present
    In French, we don’t have this kind of disambiguation category directly because the category concerned is broader than that: it includes at least the 1st person singular of the present. Thus we have the word ‘sèche’, which belongs to this type of disambiguation category:
  • ‘la feuille est sèche’ (the leaf is dry): AQfs
  • ‘je sèche mes cheveux’ (I dry my hair): Vsing1present
  • ‘il sèche sa chemise’ (he dries his shirt): Vsing3present

Of course, the code that allows the disambiguation of AQfs/Vsing1present/Vsing3present should also allow the derivation of the disambiguation of AQfs/Vsing3present. But this gives an idea of the kind of problems that arise and the adaptation needed.

If the types of disambiguation are very different from one language to another, it will be necessary to have a disambiguation module which is capable of adapting to many new types of disambiguation and which is therefore very flexible. This appears to be a considerable difficulty for the creation of an eco-system. It seems that Apertium, faced with this difficulty, has chosen a statistical module as a solution for its eco-system. However, the question of whether such a flexible module, adaptable without difficulty from one language to another, is feasible in the context of rule-based MT, remains an open question.